PFAS Pollution in Drinking Water in California

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PFAS Pollution in Drinking Water in California

California faces a severe water crisis as data released by the EPA has been reviewed by the Marin, Barrett, and Murphy Law Firm reveals alarming levels of PFAS contamination compromising the State’s water quality and jeopardizing public health. With elevated concentrations of these hazardous substances detected in certain regions, immediate action is imperative to identify contamination sources and mitigate their deleterious effects. Effective PFAS management through rigorous monitoring, remediation strategies, and prioritizing water quality is crucial to safeguarding vulnerable communities. Confronting this critical issue head-on is paramount to preserving California’s vital water resources and ensuring access to clean, safe water for all residents. Additionally, we encourage those that have been harmed by PFAS water contamination to seek out experienced California PFAS cancer lawyers pursue claims against the manufacturers of these harmful forever chemicals.

Information on PFAS Contamination in Drinking Water

PFAS contamination frequently threatens drinking water quality in California, raising concerns about potential health impacts.

Known as ‘forever chemicals,’ PFAS chemicals persist in the environment and pose significant health risks. Monitoring these contaminants in drinking water is essential to maintain safety standards.

Recent studies indicate higher PFAS concentrations in certain California areas, leading to stricter scrutiny and regulatory measures. Identifying the sources of PFAS contamination and taking practical steps to reduce exposure is vital for protecting public health and improving California’s overall water quality.

There is overwhelming evidence showing how PFAS is cancer-causing, such as kidney cancer, testicular cancer, and ulcerative colitis.

How to Deal with PFAS in your Drinking Water

To manage PFAS contamination in drinking water, immediate measures are crucial for your health and safety. Known as ‘forever chemicals’ because of their persistence, PFAS pose significant health risks.

The Environmental Protection Agency issues guidelines for monitoring PFAS levels and recommends methods for treating contaminated water. Understanding PFAS science is critical to implementing effective mitigation strategies.

Per- and Poly-Fluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS)

Understanding the impact of PFAS on drinking water requires knowledge of the properties and risks of per and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). These artificial chemicals, prevalent in various industries and products, persist in the environment and can adversely affect health.

In California, concern over PFAS contamination is increasing, especially in public water systems. The presence of PFAS poses health risks and is linked to various adverse outcomes. Monitoring and addressing PFAS contamination are crucial for California’s community health protection and exposure prevention.

Health Effects of PFAS Exposure

Regular exposure to PFAS can lead to a variety of health issues, including reproductive and immune system effects. These toxic chemicals in drinking water pose significant public health risks including kidney cancer, testicular cancer, liver cancer, and ulcerative colitis.

Groundwater pollution from PFAS can have long-lasting harmful effects on individuals, emphasizing the need for urgent action to tackle this issue. Understanding the health impacts of PFAS exposure is vital for protecting communities from the dangers of contaminated water sources.

PFAS Exposure Linked to Kidney Cancer

Recent research shows that these forever chemicals have a strong connection to causing renal cell carcinoma, or Kidney Cancer. One specific type of PFAS, called perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), has been particularly linked to kidney cancer. Numerous epidemiological studies have consistently reported that high levels of contact with PFOA disrupt cellular processes in the kidneys, potentially leading to malignant transformations. This evidence is hard to ignore and highlights the dangerous connection between PFAS and kidney cancer.

On January 26th, 2024 in a significant health alert, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released critical update on PFAS (per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances), with a specific focus on the increased risk of kidney cancer. This development is crucial for individuals considering filing a New Jersey PFAS Kidney Cancer Lawsuit. The CDC’s announcement highlights the need for heightened awareness and medical monitoring for those potentially impacted by PFAS exposure, aligning with the growing concerns related to PFAS and Kidney Cancer.

California has been significantly impacted by PFAS contamination, particularly in areas near military bases and industrial sites. For example, groundwater testing near military installations such as the former McClellan Air Force Base and March Air Reserve Base has revealed PFAS levels exceeding the safety thresholds set by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). These contaminants have been found in public water systems serving millions of residents across the state.

Kidney cancer is a significant health concern in California. According to the California Cancer Registry, there were approximately 4,500 new cases of kidney cancer diagnosed in California in 2021, with an estimated 1,200 deaths. The incidence rate of kidney cancer in California mirrors national trends, with a higher prevalence among men compared to women. The median age for kidney cancer diagnosis in California is between 55-74 years.

If you have been diagnosed with kidney cancer and reside in California, long-term exposure to PFAS chemicals in your drinking water might be a contributing factor. Legal avenues are available for those affected, and all PFAS water contamination lawsuits have been centralized in Federal Court in Charleston, South Carolina. To pursue a claim, it is essential to hire an experienced water contamination injury attorney to represent you and assist you in filing a California PFAS kidney cancer lawsuit.

For further information and legal assistance, you can contact law firms specializing in environmental contamination cases. They can help determine if your kidney cancer diagnosis is linked to PFAS exposure and guide you through the process of filing a lawsuit to seek compensation for your health issues.

PFAS Exposure Linked to Testicular Cancer

Emerging research suggests a troubling connection between PFAS (per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances) exposure and an increased risk of developing testicular cancer. Studies have specifically linked PFAS, often referred to as “forever chemicals” due to their persistence in the environment, to this form of cancer, highlighting a significant public health concern.

PFAS substances, known for their use in firefighting foams and various consumer products, have raised alarms in California due to their infiltration into water supplies. Several areas in California, particularly near military bases and industrial sites, have reported significant PFAS contamination. For instance, the areas around March Air Reserve Base, McClellan Air Force Base, and other military sites have shown higher levels of PFAS, prompting concerns about the long-term health impacts on nearby communities.

According to the California Cancer Registry, testicular cancer is a notable health concern in the state. In 2021, approximately 900 new cases of testicular cancer were diagnosed in California. The incidence of testicular cancer is generally higher in younger men, particularly those aged between 15 and 44 years. California’s diverse population and extensive industrial activities may contribute to the varying exposure levels and related health outcomes.

Military bases in California, such as Edwards Air Force Base, Travis Air Force Base, and the former McClellan Air Force Base, have been under scrutiny due to studies linking PFAS chemicals to testicular cancer among service members and surrounding civilians. The use of firefighting foams containing PFAS on these bases has been a significant source of groundwater contamination, affecting both military personnel and nearby residents.

If you have been diagnosed with testicular cancer and reside in California, long-term exposure to PFAS chemicals in your drinking water might be a contributing factor. It is crucial to consider the potential link between your diagnosis and PFAS exposure. Legal avenues are available for those affected, and all PFAS water contamination lawsuits have been centralized in Federal Court in Charleston, South Carolina.

To pursue a claim effectively, it is essential to hire an experienced water contamination injury attorney who can represent you and assist you in filing a California PFAS testicular cancer lawsuit.

PFAS Exposure Linked to Ulcerative Colitis in California

Recent studies have suggested a potential association between PFAS exposure and an increased risk of developing ulcerative colitis. PFAS, or per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances, are synthetic chemicals found in various household products and industrial applications. While more research is needed to fully understand the connection, these preliminary findings are contextually relevant for those who may be at risk.

Key Points to Consider:

Immune System Impact: Scientific studies strongly suggest that exposure to PFAS can disrupt the immune system’s normal functioning, rendering it less effective. This disruption not only heightens susceptibility to diseases like ulcerative colitis but also raises concerns about health complications in the long term.

Inflammation Trigger: PFAS chemicals have been identified as instigators of inflammation within the human body. This inflammatory response plays a pivotal role in the development and progression of ulcerative colitis.

Long-term Effects: Prolonged exposure to PFAS may lead to chronic immune dysregulation, further exacerbating the risk of developing or worsening ulcerative colitis.

In California, the incidence of ulcerative colitis has shown an upward trend over the past few decades, mirroring national trends in the United States. The prevalence and incidence rates for ulcerative colitis, a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), have been increasing due to better diagnostic practices, greater awareness, and possibly environmental factors. On average, the incidence rate for ulcerative colitis in the U.S. is about 12 to 20 new cases per 100,000 people each year.

California has experienced significant issues with PFAS contamination, particularly in areas near industrial sites and military bases. For example, areas around Los Angeles, San Diego, and San Francisco have reported elevated levels of PFAS in their water supplies. This widespread contamination raises alarms about the potential health risks to the local population, including the development of conditions like ulcerative colitis.

If you have been diagnosed with ulcerative colitis and reside in California, long-term exposure to PFAS chemicals in your drinking water might be a contributing factor. All PFAS water contamination lawsuits have been centralized in Federal Court in Charleston, South Carolina.

To pursue a claim effectively, it is crucial to hire an experienced water contamination injury attorney. They can help determine if your ulcerative colitis diagnosis is linked to PFAS exposure and guide you through the legal process to seek compensation for your health issues.

PFAS Exposure Linked to Thyroid Cancer in California

Several case-control and nested case-control studies have examined the association between PFAS exposure and the risk of thyroid disease. The results consistently demonstrate a positive association between elevated levels of specific perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), such as perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), and an increased risk of papillary thyroid cancer. Longitudinal analyses have further shown a dose-response relationship, supporting the detrimental effect of PFAS on thyroid health.

These studies underscore the negative impact of PFAS exposure on human health. Beyond increasing the risk of thyroid cancer, PFAS can cause developmental effects, immune system disruptions, and other adverse health outcomes. The persistence of these chemicals in the environment and their ability to accumulate in the human body make them a significant public health concern.

In California, PFAS contamination has been detected in various water supplies across the state. Areas such as Orange County, San Bernardino, and parts of the Central Valley have reported significant PFAS levels in groundwater and drinking water sources. The widespread use of PFAS in industrial applications, firefighting foams, and consumer products has contributed to this contamination.

According to the California Cancer Registry, thyroid cancer is a growing health concern in the state. In recent years, there has been a noticeable increase in thyroid cancer cases. For instance, in 2023, there were approximately 44,020 new cases of thyroid cancer in the United States, with California contributing a substantial number to this figure. Women are particularly affected, being three times more likely to develop thyroid cancer than men. The average age of diagnosis is 51 years.

If you have been diagnosed with thyroid cancer and reside in California, long-term exposure to PFAS chemicals in your drinking water might be a contributing factor. All PFAS water contamination lawsuits have been centralized in Federal Court in Charleston, South Carolina. To pursue a claim effectively, it is crucial to hire an experienced water contamination injury attorney. They can help determine if your thyroid cancer diagnosis is linked to PFAS exposure and guide you through the legal process to seek compensation for your health issues.

PFAS Exposure Linked to Liver Cancer in California

Emerging research indicates a concerning connection between exposure to PFAS (per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances) and an increased risk of liver cancer. PFAS, often referred to as “forever chemicals” due to their persistent nature, have been linked to various adverse health outcomes, including liver damage and cancer. These synthetic chemicals, found in numerous consumer products and industrial applications, have infiltrated water supplies, leading to widespread public health concerns.

The Impact of PFAS on Liver Health

Liver Damage and Cancer: PFAS exposure has been shown to cause significant liver damage, which can lead to liver cancer. Studies have demonstrated that these chemicals disrupt normal liver function by interfering with lipid metabolism and inducing oxidative stress, which can cause cellular damage and increase the risk of malignancy. Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), specific types of PFAS, have been particularly associated with liver toxicity and carcinogenesis.

Mechanisms of Liver Carcinogenesis: The carcinogenic potential of PFAS in the liver is attributed to their ability to induce peroxisome proliferation, a process that can lead to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common type of liver cancer. The persistent nature of PFAS means that they accumulate in the liver over time, causing chronic inflammation and damage that can eventually result in cancerous growths.

In California, liver cancer is a significant health concern. The state has seen an increase in liver cancer incidence rates over the past few decades. According to the California Department of Public Health, the incidence rate for liver cancer in California has been rising, particularly among populations exposed to environmental toxins, including PFAS. Studies have shown that areas near military bases and industrial sites in California have higher levels of PFAS contamination, which may contribute to the increased liver cancer rates.

If you have been diagnosed with liver cancer and reside in California, long-term exposure to PFAS chemicals in your drinking water might be a contributing factor. All PFAS water contamination lawsuits have been centralized in Federal Court in Charleston, South Carolina. To pursue a claim, it is crucial to hire an experienced water contamination injury attorney to represent you and assist you in filing a California PFAS liver cancer lawsuit.

PFAS Exposure Linked to Thyroid Disease in California

Recent studies have demonstrated a significant association between PFAS (per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances) exposure and various thyroid diseases, including hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyroiditis, Hashimoto’s disease, Graves’ disease, goiter, and thyroid nodules. Often referred to as “forever chemicals” due to their persistence in the environment, PFAS have been shown to interfere with thyroid function, leading to a range of health issues.

The Impact of PFAS on Thyroid Health

Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism: PFAS exposure has been linked to both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland produces excessive hormones, leading to symptoms such as weight loss, rapid heartbeat, and nervousness. Conversely, hypothyroidism is characterized by insufficient hormone production, causing fatigue, weight gain, and depression. Studies suggest that PFAS can disrupt the endocrine system, leading to these thyroid dysfunctions.

Thyroiditis and Hashimoto’s Disease: Thyroiditis, an inflammation of the thyroid gland, and Hashimoto’s disease, an autoimmune form of thyroiditis, have also been associated with PFAS exposure. These conditions can cause thyroid gland damage, leading to chronic hypothyroidism. The inflammatory and immune responses triggered by PFAS are believed to play a role in the development of these conditions.

Graves’ Disease and Goiter: Graves’ disease, an autoimmune disorder resulting in hyperthyroidism, and goiter, an abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland, have been linked to PFAS exposure as well. The disruption of normal thyroid function by PFAS can lead to overactivity of the thyroid gland or its enlargement as it attempts to compensate for hormonal imbalances.

Thyroid Nodules: PFAS exposure has been associated with the development of thyroid nodules, which are abnormal growths within the thyroid gland. While most nodules are benign, some can be precancerous or cancerous, highlighting the importance of monitoring thyroid health in individuals exposed to PFAS.

California’s Thyroid Disease Statistics

In California, thyroid diseases are a significant public health concern. According to the California Cancer Registry, there has been a noticeable rise in thyroid cancer cases over the years. In 2023, there were approximately 44,020 new cases of thyroid cancer in the United States, with California contributing a substantial number to this figure. Thyroid cancer is more frequently diagnosed in women than in men, with women being three times more likely to develop the disease. The average age of diagnosis is 51 years​.

If you have been diagnosed with a thyroid condition and reside in California, long-term exposure to PFAS chemicals in your drinking water might be a contributing factor. All PFAS water contamination lawsuits have been centralized in Federal Court in Charleston, South Carolina. To pursue a claim effectively, it is crucial to hire an experienced water contamination injury attorney to represent you and assist you in filing a California PFAS thyroid disease lawsuit.

Drinking Water Contamination in California

Addressing the extent of pollutants in drinking water is critical, particularly in California, where PFAS contamination is a growing concern affecting groundwater and surface water sources.

The presence of PFAS in drinking water highlights serious environmental and health issues, necessitating vigilant monitoring and effective remediation strategies to protect public health in the affected regions. This contamination underscores the need for proactive efforts to combat water pollution and protect communities from hazardous substances.

During the settlement phase of the PFAS lawsuits brought by drinking water providers, drinking water providers in California were placed into two categories: Phase 1 providers and Phase 2 providers.

Phase 1 Water Providers in California

Phase 1 providers were defined as active water systems in the United States that have likely been impacted by PFAS water contamination.  The Court identified these California water providers as likely impacted by PFAS contamination:

  • ABRAMS LAKE MOBILE ESTATES
  • ADELANTO, CITY OF
  • AFUERA DE CHORRO WATER COMPANY
  • ALAMEDA COUNTY WATER DISTRICT
  • AMARILLO MUTUAL WATER COMPANY
  • AMERICAN WATER O&M, LLC – VSFB
  • ANDERSON MOBILE HOME PARK
  • ATASCADERO MUTUAL WATER CO
  • BAKERSFIELD, CITY OF
  • BAKMAN WATER COMPANY
  • BELLFLOWER – SOMERSET MWC
  • BEVERLY HILLS-CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • BLOCK 77 WATER COMPANY
  • BOX SPRINGS MUTUAL WC
  • BUENA VISTA MIGRANT CENTER
  • BURBANK-CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • CAL AM – ANTELOPE
  • CAL AM – ARDEN
  • CAL AM – DUNNIGAN
  • CAL AM – FRUITRIDGE VISTA
  • CAL AM – GOLDSIDE
  • CAL AM – ISLETON
  • CAL AM – LINCOLN OAKS
  • CAL AM – MEADOWBROOK
  • CAL AM – OAKHURST
  • CAL AM – PARKWAY
  • CAL AM – RAYMOND
  • CAL AM – SUBURBAN ROSEMONT
  • CAL AM – WALNUT GROVE
  • CAL AM WATER COMPANY – MONTEREY
  • CAL AMERICAN WC – RIO PLAZA
  • CAL-AM WATER COMPANY – DUARTE
  • CALIFORNIA DOMESTIC WATER COMPANY
  • CALIFORNIA WATER SERVICE – LIVERMORE
  • CALIFORNIA WATER SERVICE – STOCKTON
  • CALIFORNIA WATER SERVICE CO. – ELA
  • CALIFORNIA-AMERICAN LARKFIELD (PUC)
  • CAL-WATER SERVICE CO.-CHICO
  • CAL-WATER SERVICE CO.-MARYSVILLE
  • CAL-WATER SERVICE CO.-OROVILLE
  • CAL-WATER SERVICE CO.-WILLOWS
  • CAMROSA WATER DISTRICT
  • CHINO BASIN DESALTER AUTH. – DESALTER 1
  • CHINO BASIN DESALTER AUTH. – DESALTER 2
  • CHINO, CITY OF
  • CITY OF ANAHEIM
  • CITY OF ANDERSON
  • CITY OF ANTIOCH
  • CITY OF ARCADIA
  • CITY OF BELL GARDENS
  • CITY OF BUENA PARK
  • CITY OF CLOVIS
  • CITY OF CUPERTINO
  • CITY OF DALY CITY
  • CITY OF FAIRFIELD
  • CITY OF FOUNTAIN VALLEY
  • CITY OF FRESNO
  • CITY OF FULLERTON
  • CITY OF GARDEN GROVE
  • CITY OF HUNTINGTON BEACH
  • CITY OF INDUSTRY WATERWORKS SYSTEMS
  • CITY OF LATHROP
  • CITY OF MERCED
  • CITY OF NEWPORT BEACH
  • CITY OF ORANGE
  • CITY OF PLEASANTON
  • CITY OF REDDING
  • CITY OF ROSEVILLE
  • CITY OF SAN JOSE – EVG/EDV/COY
  • CITY OF SAN JUAN CAPISTRANO
  • CITY OF SANTA ANA
  • CITY OF SANTA BARBARA WATER DEPARTMENT
  • CITY OF STOCKTON
  • CITY OF TUSTIN
  • CITY OF WESTMINSTER
  • COACHELLA VWD: COVE COMMUNITY
  • COLTON, CITY OF
  • COMMERCE-CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • CORONA, CITY OF
  • COVINA IRRIGATING CO.
  • CSA 42 ORO GRANDE
  • CWS – BAKERSFIELD
  • CWS – KERNVILLE
  • CWS – LAKELAND
  • CWS – NORTH GARDEN
  • CWS – VISALIA
  • DEL RIO MUTUAL
  • DESERT WATER AGENCY
  • DOWNEY – CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • EAST BAY MUD
  • EAST ORANGE COUNTY WD – RZ
  • EAST VALLEY WATER DISTRICT
  • EASTERN MUNICIPAL WD
  • EL MONTE-CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • ELEVEN OAKS MOBILE HOME COMMUNITY
  • ELK GROVE WATER SERVICE
  • ELSINORE VALLEY MWD
  • FALLBROOK PUD
  • FRIENDLY ACRES MHP
  • GILBERT STREET COMPLEX
  • GLENDALE-CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • GLENDORA-CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • GOLDEN STATE WATER CO – ARDEN WATER SERV
  • GOLDEN STATE WATER CO. – CORDOVA
  • GOLDEN STATE WATER COMPANY – BAY POINT
  • GOLDEN STATE WC – COWAN HEIGHTS
  • GOLDEN STATE WC – PLACENTIA/YORBA LINDA
  • GOLDEN STATE WC – WEST ORANGE COUNTY
  • GOLETA WATER DISTRICT
  • GSWC – BELL, BELL GARDENS
  • GSWC – CLAREMONT
  • GSWC – HOLLYDALE
  • GSWC – NORWALK
  • GSWC-SOUTH ARCADIA
  • GSWC-SOUTH SAN GABRIEL
  • HAWTHORNE-CITY WATER DEPT.
  • HEMLOCK MUTUAL WATER CO.
  • HIGUERA APARTMENTS
  • HOMETOWN COLONIAL ESTATES LLC
  • IMPERIAL MANOR MOBILEHOME COMMUNITY
  • INGLEWOOD- CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • INLAND EMPIRE UTILITIES AGENCY
  • IRVINE RANCH WATER DISTRICT
  • JURUPA COMMUNITY SD
  • KEEFER CREEK ESTATES
  • LA HABRA HEIGHTS CWD
  • LA PUENTE VALLEY CWD
  • LA VERNE, CITY WD
  • LAKE HEMET MWD
  • LANCASTER PARK MOBILE HOME PARK
  • LASSEN COUNTY WATER DISTRICT #1
  • LIBERTY UTILITIES – BELLFLOWER-NORWALK
  • LOMA LINDA UNIVERSITY
  • LOMA LINDA, CITY OF
  • LOMITA-CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • LONG BEACH-CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • LOS ANGELES CWWD 40 REG 4 & 34 LANCASTER
  • LOS ANGELES-CITY, DEPT. OF WATER & POWER
  • LYNWOOD-CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • MANTECA, CITY OF
  • MAPACHE TRAILER PARK
  • MARINA COAST WATER DISTRICT
  • MAYWOOD MUTUAL WATER CO. #2
  • MODESTO, CITY OF
  • MONROVIA-CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • MONTEBELLO LAND & WATER CO.
  • MONTEREY PARK-CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • NAVALAIR MOBILE HOME PARK
  • NORCO, CITY OF
  • NORTH STAR MOBILE HOME PARK
  • NORTHCREST TRAILER CITY
  • NORTHROP GRUMMAN CORP.
  • NORWALK – CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • OCEANSIDE, CITY OF
  • OILDALE MWC
  • OLIVE DELL RANCH
  • OLIVEHURST PUBLIC U.D.
  • ONTARIO MUNICIPAL UTILITIES COMPANY
  • ORANGE COUNTY WATER DISTRICT,
  • ORCHARD DALE WATER DISTRICT
  • PALMDALE WATER DIST.
  • PARAMOUNT – CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • PETER PITCHESS HONOR RANCHO DETN. CTR
  • PICO RIVERA – CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • PICO WD
  • PINE GROVE MOBILEHOME PARK
  • PINE GROVE TRAILER PARK
  • PINEBROOK COMMUNITY WATER WELL
  • R.S. MUTUAL WATER COMPANY
  • RECHE CANYON MUTUAL WATER CO.
  • REDLANDS CITY MUD-WATER DIV
  • RIALTO, CITY OF
  • RIVER RANCH MHP
  • RIVERDALE PARK TRACT CSD
  • RIVERKERN MUTUAL WATER COMPANY
  • RIVERSIDE, CITY OF
  • ROSECREST MUTUAL
  • ROUND MOUNTAIN WATER COMPANY
  • RUBIDOUX COMMUNITY SD
  • SACRAMENTO SUBURBAN WATER DISTRICT
  • SAN ANTONIO WATER COMPANY
  • SAN BERNARDINO CITY
  • SAN DIEGO COUNTY WATER AUTHORITY
  • SAN DIEGO, CITY OF
  • SAN GABRIEL BASIN WATER QUALITY AUTHORITY
  • SAN GABRIEL VALLEY WATER CO.-EL MONTE
  • SAN GABRIEL VALLEY WATER CO-MONTEBELLO 2
  • SAN JOSE WATER
  • SAN JUAN BASIN AUTHORITY
  • SAN LORENZO VALLEY WATER DIST
  • SAN MIGUEL COMMUNITY SERVICES DISTRICT
  • SANTA ANA RIVER WATER COMPANY
  • SANTA CLARA VALLEY WATER DISTRICT
  • SANTA CLARITA VALLEY W.A.-CASTAIC DIV.
  • SANTA CLARITA VALLEY W.A.-IMPORTED DIVIS
  • SANTA CLARITA VALLEY W.A.-NEWHALL DIV.
  • SANTA CLARITA VALLEY W.A.-PINETREE DIV.
  • SANTA CLARITA VALLEY W.A.-SANTA CLARITA
  • SANTA CLARITA VALLEY W.A.-VALENCIA DIVIS
  • SANTA MARGARITA WATER DISTRICT
  • SANTA MARIA WATER DEPARTMENT
  • SANTA MONICA-CITY, WATER DIVISION
  • SCWA – ARDEN PARK VISTA
  • SCWA – LAGUNA/VINEYARD
  • SERRANO WATER DISTRICT
  • SFPUC-PLEASANTON WELLS
  • SHERIFF’S REHAB
  • SONOMA COUNTY WATER AGENCY
  • SOUTH GATE-CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • SOUTH MONTEBELLO IRRIGATION DIST.
  • STERLING MUTUAL WATER COMPANY
  • STONEGATE MOBILE HOME PARK
  • STRICKLAND ACRES
  • SUBURBAN WATER SYSTEMS-WHITTIER
  • SWEETWATER AUTHORITY
  • THREE VALLEYS MWD
  • TIERRA BONITA MUTUAL WATER
  • TRACY, CITY OF
  • TRUCKEE-DONNER PUD, MAIN
  • TUCKER OAKS EAST WATER DISTRICT
  • UNITED WTR CONS DIST
  • V & P TRAILER COURT WATER SYSTEM
  • VALLEY COUNTY WATER DIST.
  • VALLEY WATER CO.
  • VERNON-CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • VIERRA ESTATES WS
  • VINEYARD AVE ESTATES MWC
  • VINEYARD AVENUE ACRES MWC
  • Water Replenishment District
  • WEST BASIN MUNICIPAL WATER DISTRICT
  • WHITTIER-CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • WILDWOOD EAST MUTUAL
  • WILSON ACRES MUTUAL WATER
  • WINTON WATER & SANITARY DIST
  • YORBA LINDA WATER DISTRICT
  • ZONE 7 WATER AGENCY

Phase 2 Water Providers in California

Phase 2 providers were defined as active water systems in the United States that could been impacted by PFAS water contamination. These providers, at the time of the settlement, may not have had ever tested for PFAS or have had not detected PFAS in their drinking water.  The Court identified these California Phase 2 water providers, which may impacted by PFAS contamination in the future, as the following:

  • ALCO WATER SERVICE
  • AMERICAN CANYON, CITY OF
  • AMERICAN VALLEY CSD
  • ANGELS, CITY OF
  • ARCATA, CITY OF
  • ARMONA COMMUNITY SERVICES DIST
  • ARROWHEAD REGIONAL MEDICAL CENTER
  • ARROYO GRANDE, WATER DEPARTMENT
  • ARVIN COMMUNITY SERVICES DIST
  • AVENAL, CITY OF
  • AWA BUCKHORN PLANT
  • AWA, IONE
  • AWA, TANNER
  • AZUSA LIGHT AND WATER
  • BANNING, CITY OF
  • BASS LAKE WATER COMPANY
  • BEAR VALLEY CSD
  • BEAUMONT CHERRY VALLEY WD
  • BELLA VISTA WATER DISTRICT
  • BELLFLOWER MUNICIPAL WATER SYSTEM
  • BIG BEAR CITY CSD
  • BIG BEAR LAKE DWP – BIG BEAR SYSTEM
  • BIGHORN – DESERT VIEW WATER AGENCY
  • BISHOP, CITY OF
  • BLUE LAKE SPRINGS MUT WTR
  • BLYTHE – CITY OF
  • BORREGO WD
  • BRAWLEY, CITY OF
  • BRENTWOOD
  • BROOKTRAILS TOWNSHIP CSD
  • BUELLTON WATER DEPARTMENT
  • CABRILLO COLLEGE
  • CAL AM – WEST PLACER
  • CAL AMERICAN WATER CO
  • CAL/AM WATER COMPANY – BALDWIN HILLS
  • CAL/AM WATER COMPANY – SAN MARINO
  • CAL-AM WATER COMPANY – EAST PASADENA
  • CAL-AM WATER CORONADO
  • CALAVERAS PUD
  • CALEXICO, CITY OF
  • CALICO GHOST TOWN
  • CALIFORNIA CITY, CITY OF
  • CALIFORNIA WATER SERVICE – BEAR GULCH
  • CALIFORNIA WATER SERVICE – SAN CARLOS
  • CALIFORNIA WATER SERVICE – SAN MATEO
  • CALIFORNIA WATER SERVICE CO – WESTLAKE
  • CALIFORNIA WATER SERVICE CO. – DIXON
  • CALIFORNIA WATER SERVICE CO. – DOMINGUEZ
  • CALIFORNIA WATER SERVICE CO. – HERM/REDO
  • CALIFORNIA WATER SERVICE CO. – PALOS VER
  • CALIFORNIA WATER SERVICE-S SAN FRANCISCO
  • CALISTOGA, CITY OF
  • CAMARILLO WATER DEPT
  • CAMBRIA COMM SERVICES DIST
  • CARLSBAD MWD
  • CARMICHAEL WATER DISTRICT
  • CARPINTERIA VALLEY WATER DISTRICT
  • CASITAS MUNICIPAL WATER DIST
  • CASTROVILLE COMMUNITY SERVICES DISTRICT
  • CCWD – COPPER COVE
  • CCWD – EBBETTS PASS
  • CCWD – JENNY LIND
  • CENTERVILLE C.S.D.
  • CERES, CITY OF
  • CERRITOS – CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • CHANNEL ISLANDS BEACH CSD
  • CHINO HILLS, CITY OF
  • CHOWCHILLA CITY WATER DEPT
  • CITRUS HEIGHTS WATER DISTRICT
  • CITY OF ALHAMBRA
  • CITY OF ATWATER
  • CITY OF BENICIA
  • CITY OF BREA
  • CITY OF BRISBANE
  • CITY OF BURLINGAME
  • CITY OF COLUSA
  • CITY OF CORNING
  • CITY OF CRESCENT CITY
  • CITY OF DAVIS
  • CITY OF DIXON
  • CITY OF DOS PALOS
  • CITY OF EAST PALO ALTO
  • CITY OF FOWLER
  • CITY OF GILROY
  • CITY OF GRASS VALLEY
  • CITY OF GRIDLEY
  • CITY OF GUSTINE
  • CITY OF HAYWARD
  • CITY OF JACKSON
  • CITY OF LA HABRA
  • CITY OF LA PALMA
  • CITY OF LINCOLN
  • CITY OF LIVE OAK
  • CITY OF LIVERMORE
  • CITY OF LIVINGSTON
  • CITY OF LOS BANOS
  • CITY OF MADERA
  • CITY OF MARTINEZ
  • CITY OF MILLBRAE
  • CITY OF MILPITAS
  • CITY OF MODESTO – SALIDA
  • CITY OF MORGAN HILL
  • CITY OF MOUNTAIN VIEW
  • CITY OF NEWMAN-WATER DEPARTMENT
  • CITY OF ORANGE COVE
  • CITY OF ORLAND
  • CITY OF PALO ALTO
  • CITY OF PARLIER
  • CITY OF PITTSBURG
  • CITY OF RED BLUFF
  • CITY OF REDWOOD CITY
  • CITY OF RIO VISTA
  • CITY OF SAN BRUNO
  • CITY OF SAN CLEMENTE
  • CITY OF SAN JOSE – NSJ/ALVISO
  • CITY OF SANGER
  • CITY OF SANTA CLARA
  • CITY OF SANTA PAULA
  • CITY OF SEAL BEACH
  • CITY OF SHASTA LAKE
  • CITY OF SOUTH PASADENA
  • CITY OF SUNNYVALE
  • CITY OF SUSANVILLE
  • CITY OF VACAVILLE
  • CITY OF VALLEJO
  • CITY OF WATERFORD
  • CITY OF WEST SACRAMENTO
  • CITY OF WHEATLAND
  • CITY OF WILLIAMS
  • CITY OF WINTERS
  • CITY OF WOODLAND
  • CITY OF YUBA CITY
  • CLEAR CREEK CSD-ANDERSON
  • CLOVERDALE, CITY OF
  • COACHELLA VWD: I.D. NO. 8
  • COACHELLA WATER AUTHORITY
  • COALINGA-CITY
  • COASTSIDE COUNTY WATER DISTRICT
  • COBB AREA COUNTY WATER DISTRICT
  • COMPTON-CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • CONTRA COSTA WATER DISTRICT
  • CORCORAN, CITY OF
  • CORDOVA GOLF COURSE
  • COTATI, CITY OF
  • COTTONWOOD WATER DISTRICT
  • COVINA-CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • CRESCENTA VALLEY CWD
  • CRESTLINE VILLAGE CWD – DIVISION 10
  • CUCAMONGA VALLEY WATER DISTRICT
  • CUTLER PUD
  • CWS – SELMA
  • CWSC KING CITY
  • CWSC LOS ALTOS SUBURBAN
  • CWSC SALINAS
  • CWSC SALINAS HILLS
  • DEL MAR, CITY OF
  • DEL ORO WATER CO.-PARADISE PINES
  • DEL PASO MANOR COUNTY WATER DI
  • DELANO, CITY OF
  • DELHI CWD
  • DENAIR COMMUNITY SERVICES DISTRICT
  • DIABLO WATER DISTRICT
  • DINUBA, CITY OF
  • DUBLIN SAN RAMON SERVICES DISTRICT
  • EARLIMART PUD
  • EAST NILES CSD
  • EL CENTRO, CITY OF
  • EL DORADO ID – MAIN
  • EL SEGUNDO-CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • EL TORO WATER DISTRICT
  • ESCALON, CITY OF
  • ESCONDIDO, CITY OF
  • ESTERO MUNICIPAL IMPROVEMENT DISTRICT
  • EUREKA, CITY OF
  • EXETER, CITY OF
  • FAIR OAKS WATER DISTRICT
  • FARM MUTUAL W.C. (THE)
  • FARMERSVILLE, CITY OF
  • FILLMORE WATER DEPT
  • FIREBAUGH CITY
  • FOLSOM, CITY OF – ASHLAND
  • FOLSOM, CITY OF – MAIN
  • FORESTHILL PUBLIC UTILITY DIST
  • FORT BRAGG, CITY OF
  • FORTUNA, CITY OF
  • GALT, CITY OF
  • GEORGETOWN DIVIDE PUD
  • GLEN HELEN WATER SYSTEM
  • GOLDEN HILLS CSD
  • GOLDEN STATE WATER CO – APPLE VLY SOUTH
  • GOLDEN STATE WATER CO – BARSTOW
  • GOLDEN STATE WATER CO – WRIGHTWOOD
  • GOLDEN STATE WATER CO.-CLEARLAKE SYSTEM
  • GOLDEN STATE WATER COMPANY – LOS OSOS
  • GOLDEN STATE WATER COMPANY – NIPOMO
  • GOLDEN STATE WATER COMPANY – ORCUTT
  • GOLDEN STATE WATER COMPANY – SIMI VALLEY
  • GONZALES, CITY OF
  • GREAT OAKS WC INC
  • GREENFIELD COUNTY WD
  • GREENFIELD, CITY OF
  • GROVELAND COMMUNITY SERV DIST
  • GROVER BEACH WATER DEPARTMENT
  • GSWC – ARTESIA
  • GSWC – CALIPATRIA
  • GSWC – CULVER CITY
  • GSWC – FLORENCE/GRAHAM
  • GSWC – SOUTHWEST
  • GSWC – WILLOWBROOK
  • GSWC-SAN DIMAS
  • GUADALUPE WATER DEPARTMENT
  • HANFORD, CITY OF
  • HEALDSBURG, CITY OF
  • HEBER PUBLIC UTILITY DISTRICT
  • HELENDALE COMMUNITY SERVICE DISTRICT
  • HELIX WATER DISTRICT
  • HEMET, CITY OF
  • HESPERIA WD
  • HI DESERT WD
  • HIDDEN VALLEY LAKE CSD
  • HIGHLANDS MUTUAL WATER COMPANY
  • HILMAR COUNTY WATER DISTRICT
  • HOLLISTER, CITY OF
  • HOLTVILLE, CITY OF
  • HUGHSON, CITY OF
  • HUMBOLDT C.S.D.
  • HUNTINGTON PARK-CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • HURON, CITY OF
  • IMPERIAL, CITY OF
  • INDIAN WELLS VALLEY W.D.
  • INDIO WATER AUTHORITY
  • IVANHOE PUBLIC UTILITY DIST
  • JACKSON VALLEY IRRIGATION DISTRICT
  • JOE’S TRAVEL PLAZA (EH)
  • JOSHUA BASIN WATER DISTRICT
  • KELSEYVILLE CO WATERWORKS DISTRICT 3
  • KERMAN, CITY OF
  • KEYES COMMUNITY SERVICES DIST.
  • KINGSBURG, CITY OF
  • KIRKWOOD MEADOWS PUBLIC UTILITY DISTRICT
  • KONOCTI COUNTY WATER DISTRICT
  • LA CANADA IRRIGATION DIST.
  • LA CUMBRE MUTUAL WATER CO
  • LAGUNA BEACH COUNTY WD
  • LAGUNA SECA RECREATION WS
  • LAKE ALMANOR COUNTRY CLUB MWC
  • LAKE ARROWHEAD CSD
  • LAKE COUNTY CSA 21 – NORTH LAKEPORT
  • LAKE OF THE SPRINGS
  • LAKEPORT, CITY OF
  • LAKESIDE WD
  • LAKEWOOD – CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • LAMONT PUBLIC UTILITY DIST
  • LAS FLORES WATER CO.
  • LAS VIRGENES MWD
  • LEMOORE, CITY OF
  • LIBERTY UTILITIES – COMPTON
  • LIBERTY UTILITIES – LYNWOOD
  • LIBERTY UTILITIES (AV RANCHOS) CORP.
  • LINCOLN AVENUE WATER CO.
  • LINDA COUNTY WATER DISTRICT
  • LINDSAY, CITY OF
  • LODI, CITY OF
  • LOMPOC-CITY WATER UTILITY DIV
  • LOS ANGELES CWWD 29 & 80-MALIBU
  • LOS ANGELES CWWD 36-VAL VERDE
  • LOS ANGELES CWWD 37-ACTON
  • LOS ANGELES CWWD 40, R 24,27,33-PEARBLSM
  • LOS ANGELES CWWD 40, REG. 38-LAKE LA
  • LOS OSOS COMMUNITY SERVICES DISTRICT
  • MADERA VALLEY WATER COMPANY
  • MALAGA COUNTY WATER DISTRICT
  • MAMMOTH CWD
  • MAMMOTH MOUNTAIN SKI AREA – OUTPOST 14
  • MANHATTAN BEACH-CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • MARIN MUNICIPAL WATER DISTRICT
  • MAYWOOD MUTUAL WATER CO. #1
  • MAYWOOD MUTUAL WATER CO. #3
  • MCFARLAND, CITY OF
  • MCKINLEYVILLE C.S.D.
  • MEADOW VISTA CWD
  • MEINERS OAKS CWD
  • MENDOTA, CITY OF
  • MENLO PARK MUNICIPAL WATER
  • MESA WATER DISTRICT
  • MID-PENINSULA WATER DISTRICT
  • MILLVIEW COUNTY WATER DISTRICT
  • MISSION HILLS CSD
  • MISSION SPRINGS WD
  • MOJAVE PUD
  • MONTARA WATER AND SANITARY DISTRICT
  • MONTE VISTA CWD
  • MONTECITO WATER DIST
  • MONTEREY ONE WATER
  • MORRO BAY PW DEPT – WATER DIVISION
  • MOULTON NIGUEL WATER DISTRICT
  • MOUNTAIN HOUSE COMMUNITY SERVICES DIST.
  • MOUNTAIN VIEW TRAILER COURT
  • MT. KONOCTI MUTUAL WATER COMPANY
  • MT. SHASTA, CITY OF
  • MUSCOY MWC NO. 1
  • MYOMA DUNES MUTUAL WATER COMPANY
  • NAPA, CITY OF
  • NEEDLES, CITY OF
  • NEVADA ID – E. GEORGE, BANNER MOUNTAIN
  • NEVADA ID – LAKE OF PINES
  • NEVADA ID – LAKE WILDWOOD
  • NEVADA ID – LOMA RICA
  • NEVADA ID – NORTH AUBURN
  • NIPOMO COMM SERVICES DIST
  • NORTH COAST COUNTY WATER DIST
  • NORTH MARIN WATER DISTRICT
  • NORTH PERRIS WATER SYSTEM
  • NORTH TAHOE PUD – MAIN
  • NORTHSTAR C.S.D.
  • NORTHSTAR CSD – MARTIS VALLEY
  • NUEVO WATER COMPANY
  • OAKDALE, CITY OF
  • OCEANO COMM SERVICES DIST.
  • OJAI WATER SYSTEM
  • OLIVENHAIN MWD
  • ORANGE VALE WATER COMPANY
  • OROSI PUBLIC UTILITY DISTRICT
  • OTAY WATER DISTRICT
  • OXNARD WATER DEPT
  • PACIFIC UNION COLLEGE
  • PADRE DAM MWD
  • PAJARO COMMUNITY SERVICES DISTRICT
  • PALM RANCH IRRIGATION DIST.
  • PARADISE IRRIGATION DISTRICT
  • PARK MOABI
  • PASADENA WATER AND POWER
  • PASO ROBLES WATER DEPARTMENT
  • PATTERSON, CITY OF
  • PERRIS, CITY OF
  • PETALUMA, CITY OF
  • PHELAN PINON HILLS CSD
  • PHELPS VINEYARDS
  • PINEDALE COUNTY WATER DISTRICT
  • PISMO BEACH WATER DEPARTMENT
  • PLACER CWA – AUBURN/BOWMAN
  • PLACER CWA – FOOTHILL
  • PLACERVILLE, CITY OF – MAIN
  • PLANADA CSD
  • PLEASANT VALLEY MUTUAL WATER CO
  • PLUMAS LAKE
  • POMONA – CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • PORT HUENEME WATER DEPT
  • PORTERVILLE, CITY OF
  • POWAY, CITY OF
  • PRESERVE AT MILLERTON LAKE WATER SYSTEM
  • PURISSIMA HILLS WATER DISTRICT
  • QUARTZ HILL WATER DIST.
  • RAINBOW MUNICIPAL WD
  • RAMONA MUNICIPAL WD
  • RANCHO CALIFORNIA WATER DISTRICT
  • RANCHO MURIETA COMMUNITY SERVI
  • REDWOOD VALLEY COUNTY WATER DISTRICT
  • REEDLEY, CITY OF
  • RINCON DEL DIABLO MWD (ID-1)
  • RINCON DEL DIABLO MWD (ID-A)
  • RIO ALTO WATER DISTRICT
  • RIO LINDA/ELVERTA COMMUNITY WATER DIST
  • RIPON, CITY OF
  • RIVERBANK, CITY OF
  • RIVERSIDE HIGHLAND WATER COMPANY
  • ROHNERT PARK, CITY OF
  • ROSAMOND CSD
  • ROWLAND WATER DISTRICT
  • RUBIO CANON LAND & WATER ASSOCIATION
  • RUNNING SPRINGS WATER DISTRICT
  • RUSSIAN RIVER COUNTY WATER DISTRICT
  • SACRAMENTO INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT [SWS]
  • SAN BENITO HIGH SCHOOL
  • SAN BERNARDINO VALLEY WD
  • SAN DIEGUITO WD
  • SAN FERNANDO-CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • SAN FRANCISCO INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
  • SAN GABRIEL COUNTY WD
  • SAN GABRIEL VALLEY WATER CO.-MONTEBELLO
  • SAN GABRIEL VALLEY WC – FONTANA
  • SAN JACINTO, CITY OF
  • SAN JOAQUIN COUNTY – LINCOLN VILLAGE
  • SAN JOAQUIN COUNTY-MOKELUMNE ACRES
  • SAN JOAQUIN, CITY OF
  • SAN JUAN WATER DISTRICT
  • SAN LUIS OBISPO WATER DEPARTMENT
  • SANTA CLARITA VALLEY W.A.-TESORO DIV.
  • SANTA CRUZ WATER DEPARTMENT
  • SANTA FE I.D.
  • SANTA FE SPRINGS – CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • SANTA ROSA, CITY OF
  • SANTA YNEZ RIVER WATER CONS. DIST. ID#1
  • SBDNO COUNTY SERVICE AREA 64
  • SBDNO COUNTY SERVICE AREA 70J
  • SCOTTS VALLEY WATER DISTRICT
  • SCWA MATHER-SUNRISE
  • SEBASTOPOL, CITY OF
  • SFPUC CITY DISTRIBUTION DIVISION
  • SHAFTER, CITY OF
  • SHEEP CREEK WATER COMPANY
  • SIERRA MADRE-CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • SIGNAL HILL – CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • SLVWD – FELTON WATER SYSTEM
  • SNOW SUMMIT
  • SO. CAL. EDISON CO.-SANTA CATALINA
  • SOLEDAD, CITY OF
  • SOLVANG WATER DIVISION
  • SONOMA, CITY OF
  • SOQUEL CREEK WATER DISTRICT
  • SOUTH COAST WATER DISTRICT
  • SOUTH FEATHER W&P – MINERS RANCH
  • SOUTH MESA WC
  • SOUTH TAHOE PUD – MAIN
  • ST. HELENA, CITY OF
  • STALLION SPRINGS CSD
  • STANFORD UNIVERSITY
  • SUBURBAN WATER SYSTEMS – SATIVA
  • SUBURBAN WATER SYSTEMS-GLENDORA
  • SUBURBAN WATER SYSTEMS-LA MIRADA
  • SUBURBAN WATER SYSTEMS-SAN JOSE
  • SUISUN-SOLANO WATER AUTHORITY
  • SUNNY SLOPE WATER CO.
  • SUNNYSLOPE COUNTY WATER DIST
  • SWEETWATER SPRINGS CWD – GUERNEVILLE
  • TAHOE CITY PUD – MAIN
  • TAHOE SWISS VILLAGE UTILITY
  • TEHACHAPI, CITY OF
  • TEJON CASTAC WD – I5 & LAVAL RD
  • TEMESCAL VALLEY WATER DISTRICT
  • TEMPLETON CSD
  • THERMALITO WATER & SEWER DIST
  • THOUSAND OAKS WATER DEPT
  • THOUSAND PINES CHRISTIAN
  • TORRANCE-CITY, WATER DEPT.
  • TOWN OF DISCOVERY BAY
  • TOWN OF HILLSBOROUGH
  • TRABUCO CANYON WATER DISTRICT
  • TRACT 180 MUTUAL WATER CO.
  • TRACT 349 MUTUAL WATER CO.
  • TRIUNFO WATER & SANITATION DISTRICT
  • TUD – COLUMBIA WATER SYSTEM
  • TUD – SONORA/JAMESTOWN WATER SYSTEM
  • TUD – UPPER BASIN WATER SYSTEM
  • TULARE, CITY OF
  • TURLOCK, CITY OF
  • TWENTYNINE PALMS WATER DISTRICT
  • UKIAH, CITY OF
  • UNION PUBLIC UTILITY DISTRICT
  • UPLAND, CITY OF
  • VALENCIA HEIGHTS WATER CO.
  • VALLECITOS WD
  • VALLEY CENTER MWD
  • VALLEY OF THE MOON WATER DISTRICT
  • VALLEY VIEW MUTUAL WATER CO.
  • VANDENBERG VILLAGE COMM. SERV. DIST.
  • VAUGHN WC INC
  • VENTURA CWWD NO. 1 – MOORPARK
  • VENTURA RIVER WATER DISTRICT
  • VENTURA WATER DEPARTMENT
  • VENTURA WWD NO. 8 – SIMI VALLEY
  • VICTORVILLE WATER DISTRICT
  • VISTA IRRIGATION DISTRICT
  • WALNUT PARK MUTUAL WATER CO.
  • WALNUT VALLEY WATER DISTRICT
  • WASCO, CITY OF
  • WATSONVILLE, CITY OF
  • WEED, CITY OF
  • WEST END CONSOLIDATED WATER COMPANY
  • WEST KERN WATER DISTRICT
  • WEST VALLEY WATER DISTRICT
  • WESTBOROUGH WATER DISTRICT
  • WESTERN DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
  • WESTERN HEIGHTS WATER COMPANY
  • WESTERN MWD
  • WESTERN MWD – MURRIETA DIVISION
  • WILLITS, CITY OF
  • WILLOW COUNTY WATER DISTRICT
  • WINDSOR, TOWN OF
  • WOODLAKE, CITY OF
  • YOSEMITE SPRING PARK UTIL CO
  • YREKA, CITY OF
  • YUCAIPA VALLEY WATER DISTRICT

CALIFORNIA PFAS LAWSUIT: STATE TAKES ACTION AGAINST MANUFACTURERS OVER WATER CONTAMINATION

In a landmark legal move, several California water utilities filed a substantial PFAS lawsuit against manufacturers of products containing PFAS, or polyfluoroalkyl substances, in June 2024. This legal action seeks damages for the extensive contamination caused by these “forever chemicals” in water supplies and other natural resources throughout California, responding to new EPA standards and the urgent need for remediation.

The lawsuit contends that the manufacturers were negligent and failed to warn about the health hazards associated with PFAS. These persistent chemicals have been found in trace levels in various water sources across the state. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, PFAS exposure is linked to several health issues, including an increased risk of testicular and kidney cancer, decreased response to vaccines in children, and other serious health effects.

Despite PFAS not being regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency until recently, California has taken proactive steps to address PFAS pollution. The state is seeking compensation through this lawsuit to fund the cleanup of contaminated sites and the implementation of stringent standards for PFAS levels in drinking water. California has already set some of the nation’s strictest PFAS limits, with a maximum contaminant level of 5.1 parts per trillion for PFOA and 6.5 parts per trillion for PFOS. These measures reflect California’s commitment to public health and environmental stewardship, ensuring the safety of its residents and natural resources.

The lawsuit is a strategic move to manage the financial burden associated with PFAS remediation. The damages recovered will be used to offset the substantial costs of monitoring, filtering, and cleaning up PFAS contamination. This legal action underscores California’s dedication to holding manufacturers accountable for their environmental impact and mitigating the public health risks posed by PFAS.

Through this lawsuit and ongoing efforts to provide clean drinking water, California demonstrates a strong commitment to combating PFAS pollution and protecting the health and well-being of its residents and environment.

Remediation of PFAS-Contaminated Water

Effective remediation of PFAS-contaminated water is essential for environmental cleanup and maintaining water quality. Techniques like activated carbon filtration, ion exchange, and advanced oxidation remove PFAS from water and prevent further contamination.

Prompt and effective remediation of groundwater pollution from PFAS is necessary to protect communities from health risks and ensure the safety of water sources.

Groundwater Contamination

The increasing incidence of groundwater contamination from PFAS in California presents significant environmental and public health risks. PFAS from consumer products can leach into groundwater, causing extensive contamination that affects water supplies and human health.

The persistent and bioaccumulative nature of PFAS makes the long-term effects of groundwater contamination particularly concerning. Immediate action is required to prevent further spread and minimize the environmental and health impacts.

Environmental Contamination

The widespread presence of PFAS in California’s environment raises grave concerns about water quality and public health. Contamination of groundwater and surface water with PFAS chemicals threatens the state’s water resources, endangering aquatic ecosystems and public health.

Addressing the pervasive environmental contamination of PFAS in California is urgent. This requires efforts to curb the spread of these chemicals and prevent further environmental damage.

PFAS Exposure Pathways

Identifying how PFAS chemicals enter the environment and affect human health is critical, especially in California, where water contamination issues are prevalent. PFAS exposure can occur through contaminated drinking water, industrial discharges, and products containing these chemicals.

Regulating PFAS levels and cleaning up contaminated sites are crucial to reducing environmental impacts and protecting public health.

Water Pollution

Water pollution in California, exacerbated by PFAS and other contaminants, poses significant risks to the environment and public health, mainly affecting marginalized communities facing socio-economic challenges.

Regulating and monitoring water quality is imperative to address these issues and ensure equitable access to clean and safe drinking water for all Californians.

Proactive measures are necessary to mitigate health risks associated with water pollution and maintain high environmental standards.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Are the Potential Long-Term Health Effects of PFAS Exposure From Contaminated Drinking Water?

Addressing the long-term health effects of PFAS exposure from contaminated drinking water is crucial for protecting affected individuals and ensuring access to clean, safe water.

Are Any Legal Actions That Can Be Taken Against Companies or Entities Responsible for PFAS Contamination in California?

Legal actions can be pursued against those responsible for PFAS contamination in California. Our skilled trial lawyers are committed to defending the rights of affected individuals.

How Can Individuals Test Their Drinking Water for PFAS Contamination?

Individuals can test their drinking water for PFAS by contacting local health departments or certified laboratories, which offer testing services to ensure water safety.

What Are Some Alternative Sources of Safe Drinking Water for Individuals Affected by PFAS Contamination?

Alternatives for safe drinking water include:

  • Bottled water.
  • Installing water filtration systems.
  • Using public water sources that have been tested and are free of contamination.

Are Any Ongoing Research Studies or Initiatives in California Related to PFAS Water Contamination and Its Effects on Public Health?

Ongoing research and initiatives in California aim to understand and address the impact of PFAS on water quality and public health, involving collaboration among scientists and public officials.

Contact Us For More Information

We must continue to raise awareness and take concerted action to tackle the issue of PFAS water contamination in California. We strive to ensure clean and safe drinking water for all communities by holding responsible parties accountable.

Together, we can combat PFAS contamination and advocate for the well-being of all Californians affected by this environmental crisis. Our combined efforts are crucial in protecting public health and the environment.  Our efforts are focused on holding responsible parties accountable and advocating for comprehensive environmental protection measures. For questions or to gather additional information, contact our PFAS cancer lawyers at 888-348-2735.